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Peru - the country!

Peruis 30 times bigger than Switzerland but has got only 3 times as much inhabitants. Peruis located on the South American Pacific coast. Its landscape is shaped by the mountain massifs of the Andes. The country is divided into three regions: the coast, the highlands and the Amazon basin. They clearly differ in climate, flora and fauna, the mountain range and the sea, the narrow coastal strip filled with canyons.

junges_lama

An ideal off road terrain: plenty of curves, up- and downhill roads, all located in a fantastic, beautiful environment. The climate here is influenced by the “Humbold” current that surfaces along the Peruvian coast.

The antarctic current cools down the sea so much, that rain clouds already condense and rain down over the sea and therefore turns the coastal strip into one of the driest deserts on earth.

Hardly any other country offers so many different landscapes like Peru: Steaming jungle forests, dry deserts and high snow-covered mountains. Due to the small rain falls, the coastal plains allow just a meagre vegetation to grow.

Nowadays, artificial irrigation systems help to produce cotton, fruits and sugar cane in these areas.

In the higher regions that receive more rain, corn, potatoes, beans and varieties of grain are grown. In the highland valleys where water is present, one can find plantations of oranges, avocados, papayas and bananas.

bauern_im_hochland

At 3500mtr.a.s.l., in the so called “Puna zone” the heathland with its grass corridors begins. Here only sheep and Lamas can graze; at night the temperatures fall below the freezing point. Above this zone, tower the Andeswith its peaks up to 7000 mtrs.a.s.l.

The east slope of the Andesdiffers strongly from the west flank. Here the humidity from the Amazon basin supports the growth of the fern forests, further down the almost impenetrable jungle of the Amazon area follows.  

urwald_einbaum

This region covers 60 percent of the countries surface. Nearly half of the population is of Indian origin. The Indian population is divided into the lingual groups of the Quechua and the Aymara and mainly inhabit the highlands. As a consequence of the ongoing migration since the 70´s, nowadays they are also living in the bigger cities of the country. Even the Amazonas basin is the largest part of the country, it still is very weakly populated and undeveloped.

The official language is Spanish, Quechua was declared 2nd official language in 1975.

 

peru_die_karte

Peruin brief:

Third-biggest country in South America1.285.216 km²,

84 different climate zones (there are 115 climate zones in the entire world)

Borders: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile

Population 26 millions inhabitants,

52,1% live at the coast,

36,9% live in the mountains,

11% live in the jungle

Peruis a presidential republic, which is governed by the executive, legislation and judicial power.

Lima Wetter